Turning Sustainability into a Competitive Race to the Top
We live in a world that is increasingly defined by competition – for resources, profits, shareholder value, and relevance. And while competition is often viewed negatively, it also has the potential to drive innovation, performance, and accountability. Consider the impact we could then have by harnessing our inherently competitive spirit for the collective good of mankind. Sound far-fetched? Maybe not.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by 193 countries in September 2015, outline a framework for a better global future by 2030. With goals spanning a range of issues – including the elimination of poverty, gender equality, climate action, and peace and justice – the SDGs provide a roadmap for governments, businesses, civil society, and individuals to take action on some of the most pressing issues confronting our world in the pursuit of a more prosperous, inclusive, and peaceful world. They are ambitious, apply as much to New Delhi as they do to New York, and are changing the way we all think about and approach our work in global development and international cooperation.
The SDGs also require ambitious resources; early estimates suggest that meeting our targets within our thirteen-year timeline will require annual incremental investments of between $5-7 trillion – a figure higher than the market values of Amazon Apple, Facebook, Google (Alphabet), and Microsoft combined.
Such investments will be impossible to mobilize without concerted commitments from and actions by the private sector. While the scale of the challenge seems immense, we are seeing private sector leaders embrace sustainability in real, transformational ways like never before.
We know that this is in part because the economic arguments for these investments are compelling. A groundbreaking report from the Business and Sustainable Development Commission (BSDC) outlines a $12 trillion market opportunity and the creation of up to 380 million jobs for businesses that embed sustainability and SDG targets within their core business models.
We know, too, that consumers, employees, investors, and other actors are increasingly looking at business to embrace their roles as key drivers for broader impact. A 2015 report on consumer expectations from Nielsen found that of the 66 percent of respondents that were willing to pay more for products by sustainable brands, over 50 percent of them were influenced by other sustainability factors, including whether products were sourced ethically, whether production practices had minimal negative externalities on the environment, and whether the company had a demonstrated commitment to social value.
A 2016 study of millennial employee engagement by Cone Communications similarly found that 75 percent of respondents were willing to take a pay cut to work for a responsible company, with 83 percent saying they would be more loyal to a company that helps them contribute to social and environmental issues, 88 percent saying their jobs are more fulfilling when provided opportunities to make a positive impact on social and environmental issues, and 76 percent considering a company’s social and environmental commitments when deciding where to work.
And companies are responding accordingly, as evidenced by the over 9,000 companies that have signed up to the 10 Principles of the UN Global Compact, a guide to sustainable business behaviour.
The shift towards more sustainable investment practices is becoming increasingly common as investors incorporate so-called Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) criteria into their decision-making processes and businesses incorporate ESG frameworks into their sustainability reporting efforts.
But more is needed to make these reporting efforts work for all actors – from individual companies to sector-based industries to investors, NGOs, and consumers.
A 2016 survey by PricewaterhouseCoopers found that 92 percent of investors say that companies are not disclosing their ESG data in a way that makes it easy for investors to compare to other companies. Sustainability reports released by companies may also be hidden behind expensive paywalls or hard-to-decipher data points, making it difficult to assess corporate performance and make decisions regarding existing or new investment portfolios.
For those relatively few but influential companies (like Novo Nordisk, Safaricom, and Roche) that have taken ESG reporting a step further by integrating the SDGs into their broader ESG criteria, this challenge is further compounded by the low rate of adoption in practice by their industry peers.
When considering both the imperative and the benefits for the private sector to deliver substantial action on the SDGs, the opportunity is ripe—and now—for a system-wide disruption.
A 2016 survey by the UN Global Compact and Accenture found that of 1,000 CEOs interviewed, more than 70 percent see the SDGs as providing a clear framework for structuring their companies’ sustainability and reporting efforts.
Enter the World Benchmarking Alliance (WBA), an initiative that aims to create free, transparent, and comparable rankings of companies’ performance toward achieving the SDGs.
In partnership with Aviva, the UN Foundation, Index Initiative, and BSDC, the WBA is a direct recommendation of the BSDC’s flagship report and, this September, kicked off a global consultation effort to ensure that its work builds on existing efforts already available and really listens to what consumers, NGOs, and companies themselves want to see from this bold new idea.
The vision of this alliance is to catalyze an environment in which everyone has access to information on corporate SDG performance to reward businesses that are doing well and motivate those that are perhaps lagging behind.
By turning sustainability into a competitive race to the top, the hope is that the WBA will empower society: businesses to stimulate longer-term performance; consumers to make more informed decisions on where they spend their money; investors to rely on better data in gauging investment risks and rewards; civil society to engage in more effective partnership and advocacy efforts; and government to more efficiently formulate, implement, and measure the impacts of their policy recommendations.
It may seem like a long way from 2030, but we are in fact in a sprint to our deadline for reaching the SDGs. Businesses that don’t embrace the goals face the increasingly real risk of getting left behind in a more globally conscious, markets-driven future.
In a world that thrives on competition, perhaps it’s time we channel that drive and ambition into a collective race towards a better world for all.
Join us in this challenge. Tell us how you would change the world.
CO-AUTHORED BY KAYSIE BROWN
Kaysie Brown joins the UN Foundation as UN Foundation Special Adviser and Head of Policy Planning within the Executive Office. Kaysie most recently served as the Senior Advisor to the U.S. Special Coordinator for the Sustainable Development Goals. Her duties included coordinating policy, technical expertise, and outreach of the United States government during the intergovernmental negotiations. Prior to that, she worked at the State Department on policy development and program design for conflict prevention and response. She has written extensively on multilateralism, the intersection of security and development, and conflict management. Her prior experience includes Deputy Director of the International Institutions and Global Governance Program at the Council on Foreign Relations and Senior Program Officer at the International Peace Institute and the Center for Global Development. Kaysie has an MSc in Refugee and Forced Migration Studies from the University of Oxford and a B.A with honours. in International Relations from Lewis and Clark College. She lives in Takoma Park, MD, with her husband and two children.